Water Services and Climate Change

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Sector Resources Technical topics Water Services and Climate Change

   

Background or theoretical study

2010

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Danilenko, Dickson, Jacobsen

Climate Change and Urban Water Utilities: Challenges & Opportunities

The impact of climate change is increasingly important to the design of infrastructure investment programs. Growing evidence indicates that the water sector will not only be affected by climate change, but that it will deliver many of its impacts through floods, droughts, or extreme rainfall events. Water resources will change in both quantity and quality, and water, storm water and wastewater facilities’ infrastructure will face greater risk of damage caused by storms, floods and droughts. The effect of the climate change will manifest from difficulties in operations to disrupted services and increased cost of the water and wastewater services. Governments, urban planners, and water managers are therefore re-examining development processes for municipal water and wastewater services and are adapting strategies to incorporate climate change into infrastructure design, capital investment projects, service provision planning, and operation and maintenance.

This report is structured as follows: Chapter 1 provides an overview of the role that climate change will have on urban water utilities and highlights the often competing priorities that water managers are faced with in developing countries; Chapter 2 describes the relationship between climate change and water resources as they influence water service provision; Chapter 3 presents a framework for analysis of vulnerability and adaptive capacity of water providers; Chapters 4 presents a framework for adaptation actions. Annexes contain detailed graphs and statistics taken from the international workshop held in Madrid, Spain in January of 2009 and utility specific case studies which are highlighted throughout the report.

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Contributed by Christoph Leitner on 03 September 2015

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Background or theoretical study

2017

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ICPDR

The 2015 Droughts in the Danube River Basin

In 2015 significant parts of the Danube River Basin were affected by droughts which negatively impacted different water-dependent economic sectors, vegetation and the aquatic environment. This is the latest of a series of events which occurred in Europe during the last decade. Similarly to the summer of 2003, a large part of continental Europe was affected by a severe drought in summer 2015, as a consequence of the combination of rain shortages and very high temperatures which resulted in high plant water requirement levels. Significant drought phenomena were experienced in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine.

Following the 2015 droughts event, the ICPDR decided at the 18th Ordinary Meeting in December 2015 “to elaborate a report on the impacts of droughts in the Danube Basin in 2015, the measures taken and lessons learned”. The 2015 Droughts in the Danube River Basin Report includes an overview on the main characteristics of the meteorological and hydrological situation during 2015, summarises the main impacts on water-related sectors and includes an overview of measures which were taken by the individual Danube countries. Based on the analysis and discussions, lessons learned and conclusions for the Danube basin wide and national level were agreed which are summarised in the final chapter of the Report. The Report was adopted by the ICPDR at the 19th Ordinary Meeting in December 2016 and can be downloaded from this page.

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Contributed by Katerina Schilling on 07 March 2017

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