Services in rural areas

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Sector Resources Policy topics Services in rural areas

  

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Good Practice review

2014

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(5.0/2)

Miloš Rozkošný, Michal Kriška, Jan Šálek, Igor Bodík, Darja Istenič

Natural Technologies of Wastewater Treatment

There is a great need for wastewater treatment for all sources of pollution < 2,000 p.e. in Central and Eastern Europe and there is an obvious potential for natural treatment systems. There is more and more scientific evidence that the natural treatment systems are very efficient treatment technologies
and there are many fine examples of the use of natural treatment systems for purification of many types of wastewater, sludge handling and use of purified water for irrigation.

The publication “Natural Technologies of Wastewater Treatment” provides a comprehensive overview about the construction, operation and treatment performance of various types natural of treatment systems. Also, it provides information about waste management and the use of treated
wastewater for irrigation. The publication is easy to follow and the theory is supported with well selected photographs and drawings. 

Publisher Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe (GWP CEE),

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, , 04 September 2017


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Contributed by Katerina Schilling on 29 August 2017

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Background or theoretical study

2015

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(4.0/9)

Stef Smits and Harold Lockwood

Reimagining rural water services: the future agenda. An introduction to ten building blocks to support sustainable service delivery

This briefing note introduces a package of ten ‘building blocks’ we have found to be critical in moving towards sustainable service delivery. It reviews progress in their adoption and then sets out an agenda for the coming five years for rural water sectors striving to ensure full coverage and sustainable services

Developing a strategy to realise sustainable services at scale means addressing the building blocks in an integrated but sequenced way, whilst recognising the unique challenges and opportunities in every country.

Check the full website for much more information at http://www.waterservicesthatlast.org/ 

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Contributed by David Michaud on 22 April 2016

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Good Practice review

2009

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(0.0/0)

Alexander Bakalian and Wendy Wakeman

Post-Construction Support and Sustainability in Community-Managed Rural Water Supply

This volume reports the main findings from a multi-country research project that was designed to develop a better understanding of how rural water supply systems are performing in developing countries. We began the research in 2004 to investigate how the provision of support to communities after the construction of a rural water supply project affected project performance in the medium term. We collected information from households, village water committees, focus groups of village residents, system operators, and key informants in 400 rural communities in Bolivia, Ghana, and Peru; in total, we discussed community water supply issues with approximately 10,000 individuals in these communities.

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Contributed by David Michaud on 22 April 2016

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Good Practice review

2018

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(0.0/0)

World Bank

Beyond utility reach? How to close the Urban – rural access gap : a review of rural water and sanitation services in seven countries of the Danube Region

Governments of countries of the Danube region face the double challenge of meeting their citizens demand for quality and sustainable water services, while catching up with the environmental requirements of the European Union. In general, the bulk of public investments have targeted urban areas, resulting in the improvement of drinking water systems and the development of wastewater collection and treatment infrastructure. This process is largely driven by EU accession and compliance targets and in several countries involves the regionalization of service providers. However, rural areas are lagging and significant service access gaps exist in comparison with urban areas. Approximately 28.5 million people remain without access to piped water supply and 22 million remain without flush toilet access in the region, of which at least eight out of 10 reside in rural areas. Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) underlines the countries' commitment to achieving universal access to safe and affordable drinking water and safe sanitation and hygiene for all by 2030. Understanding how to effectively reach the rural population with "safely managed services" is paramount from the social inclusion as well as the human rights perspective. Given that the significant access gaps are a major barrier to fulfilling the SDGs, this study was launched to increase awareness and knowledge on how rural service provision is organized, to understand whether and how the aggregation through regional water utilities has effectively reached rural areas, and to present lessons and recommendations for expanding and improving the provision of services for rural populations. Seven countries— Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine—were selected because they represent a wide range of rural water outcomes, different challenges, and sector reform contexts. 

Publisher World Bank, Washington, DC

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Contributed by David Michaud on 16 September 2018

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